Saturday, 17 August 2013

Top 5 Belarusian museums outside of Minsk

Portal studied results of the "Museum of Belarus - the third millennium", held in October 2012 in Grodno. Here is a list of the best museums in Belarus.

Gomel Palace and Park Ensemble

For those who are not paying attention: the image of the complex is in the bill to Br20 000 of the National Bank of Belarus. The complex consists of six museum objects. All buildings - monuments XVIII-XIX centuries. The main object - the Palace of Rumyantsev-Paskevich.

The funds of the complex contains more than 229,000 items. The most interesting collections:
Paskevich family memorabilia;
ethnographic and numismatic;
collection of manuscripts and early printed books;
religious items;
marine organisms.

The pride of the book collection agency is the Gospel of Peter Mstislavets, published in 1575. Among the exhibits that occupy a worthy place in the Museum Fund of the Republic of Belarus - a treasure of religious objects XVIII-XIX centuries., Found near Gomel.

In 2009, the museum celebrated its 90th anniversary.

Gomel, pl. Lenin, 4.

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Polotsk Historical and Cultural Museum-Reserve

Its formation began in 1967. At first, the St. Sophia Cathedral was planned opening of a museum of atheism, but, thank God, nothing happened. And in 1990, have been identified sites and areas that were a part of the reserve:
Selyshche and Settlement (VI-VIII centuries.)
Zapolote (1st millennium BC);
Upper Castle from the St. Sophia Cathedral (XI-XVIII cc.)
Lower Castle with the shaft of Ivan the Terrible (XVI century).
Transfiguration Church with frescoes and the foundations of the temple-tomb (XII century).
complex of the former Belchitskogo (Sts) of the monastery (XII century).
"House of Peter I» (XVII c.)
complex of the former Jesuit college with a retaining wall (XVIII c.)
"Warm" Euphrosinia Church (XIX c.)
Holy Cross Cathedral (XIX c.)
Epiphany monastery complex of the Cathedral and sister school (XVIII c.)
Lutheran Church (1888);
Red Bridge (XIX c.).

As part of the reserve - 11 museums, including local history, the Belarusian publishing, museum-library of Simeon of Polotsk, the museum of architectural history of St. Sophia Cathedral, the traditional hand-weaving Lakeland, etc. Under the main part of the exhibition adapted monuments: St. Sophia Cathedral (mid XI - middle of the XVIII c.), Lutheran Church (1888), Brotherhood School (end of XVIII century.), housing (XIX - early XX centuries.), "House of Peter I» (1692), a former Jesuit college housing ( XVIII century.).

Polotsk, st. Lower-Intercession, 22.

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Mogilev Regional Museum named after Romanov

Mogilev History Museum takes a countdown to 1867. The current Regional History Museum. ER Romanov in 1919 in a former land bank. Do not believe me - look at the bill of the National Bank of Belarus par value 200 000.

The exhibition consists of four main sections:

Archeology and ancient history. In the Mogilev region known more than 2,000 archaeological sites. In five halls exhibited flint and stone tools, ironwork, pottery and stucco, spindle whorls, decorations, etc.

History of the region with the IX. until 1917. Hits collection - the reconstruction of ancient warrior attire, model boat, materials excavation of the ancient urban settlement Mstislavl, unique birch-bark scroll the XIII century., Icons XVIII-XIX centuries. etc.

History of the region from 1917 to 1945. "Chips" exhibition - materials about the abdication of Nicholas II, the Kornilov revolt, the elimination of the counter-revolutionary Betting, German and Polish occupation, the establishment of socialist industry. A separate set of dedicated Stalinist repression of the 1930s. Many exhibits relating to World War II, including the defense of Mogilev.

Nature of the region. Presented fossil bones of a mammoth collection of minerals, as well as the main inhabitants of the forests, rivers, lakes and swamps. In dioramas taxidermy sculptures of animals and birds are shown in a move that gives the illusion of reality.

Mogilev, Sovetskaya str., 1.

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Vileika Museum 

Museum exhibition in Vileika relatively young: it was founded in 1982. Located in a building which is a monument of civil architecture of the early twentieth century.

Funds consist of about 20,000 items. Among them - the materials of archaeological excavations dating back 5000-1000 years. BC and burial grounds in 1000 AD, the hoard of coins XVII., a collection of documents from the church archives XVIII-XX centuries., collections of graphic arts, life, ethnography, painting, sculpture and decorative arts.

The exhibition is based on the subject-Collector's method and includes sections such as "Time", "Origins", "Vilia", "earth", "Home", "State", "War", "Vilejka." History and culture Vileika edges are shown from the earliest times until the second half of the twentieth century.

Of rarities should be noted:
Treasure flint knives of the Neolithic;
temple ring and other feminine ornaments X-XII centuries.
telescope and iron core of Napoleon's army in 1812;
"Steel armor" - detail ammunition armor-clad company of the Red Army in 1943;
Notebook priest Rechkovskoy church records the burial of five soldiers of the Red Army in August 1941;
Letter from Peter Masherova Vileika from July 3, 1944

Vilejka, pl. Liberty, 8.

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The memorial complex "Brest Fortress-Hero"

In the early years of Belarusian sovereignty Brest Fortress was perceived by many as a piece of Soviet propaganda. Now, after two decades, memorial, created in 1969-1971,., Is experiencing a revival. In 2011 it celebrated its 40th anniversary.

The complex is located in the eastern part of the Brest Fortress. Each composite element of the ensemble has a great load of meaning and has a strong emotional impact. The main entrance area of ​​ceremonies, sculptural composition "Thirst", a museum of the Brest fortress, the ruins of the White Palace, the main monument - "Courage" Eternal fire ... All this, and much more in this complex, familiar to us from childhood and fascinates visitors .

On the review site is artillery weapons in the middle of the XIX. and the initial period of the Great Patriotic War. At the main entrance song sound Alexandrov "holy war" and the government report of the treacherous attack on our homeland troops Nazi Germany (reads Levitan), the Eternal Flame - the melody of Schumann's "Dreams."

Brest, memorial complex "Brest Fortress".

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Take note 

In late June, the National Statistics Committee published a collection of "Travel and tourism resources in the Republic of Belarus" with a rating of the most visited museums in 2011. Here's the top ten.

1. The memorial complex "Brest Fortress" (338,600 visitors).

2. Gomel Palace and Park Ensemble (304,400 visitors).

3. National Polotsk Historical and Cultural Museum-Reserve (243,100 visitors).

4. Belarusian State Museum of the Great Patriotic War (219,400 visitors).

5. The National Historical and Cultural Museum-Reserve "Shults' (210,400 visitors).

6. The castle complex "Mir" (195,500 visitors).

7. Brest Regional Museum (187,300 visitors).

8. The National Art Museum (182,900 visitors).

9. The state memorial complex "Khatyn" (182,000 visitors).

10. Vitebsk Regional Museum (181,100 visitors).

Alexander Nesterov
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